Building Process, Construction and Design Specialists in Knoxville
Step 1: Project Design and Proposal
The first step in the construction process is an initial meeting between the client and one of our trained design technicians. During this meeting, our technician will find out what you, as the client, are looking for in the overall pool and landscape layout. All of our pools are designed specifically for each individual customer. Plans from architects or landscapers are also welcome. The technician will then take a detailed survey of the proposed area to include home and lot dimensions, positioning, building setbacks, location of utilities and accessibility to the construction site. Within a few days, our design technician will have a fully prepared plan, bid package and proposed construction cost for the project organized for you to review.
Step 2: Permits and Approvals
We shall acquire the permit for the construction of the pool and decking. Permits for electric and gas utility hook-ups shall be obtained by the person contracted to do said work. Any supplementary permits, such as for a poolside cabana or easement variances, will be the owner or general contractor’s responsibility. All plans must comply with local and state building codes. We will call Tennessee One Call at 1-800-351-1111 in order to locate all existing utility lines before the beginning of construction. We will call for all applicable inspections, including footer, plumbing and electrical bonding.
Step 3: Pool Layout
When the plans have been approved by you or your authorized representative and all necessary permits have been obtained, the construction process may begin. Our representative will go over the construction stages with you prior to commencing work. First, and most importantly, we calculate the appropriate finished pool elevation. Next, the forms for the pool walls are set with great care to ensure the pool is in the exact location required.
Step 4: Excavation
After the forms are set and all dimensions verified, the excavation of the pool may begin. We generally use small, skid-steer front-end loaders or mini excavators in order to precisely trim back the pool walls and to provide added maneuverability within the pool and around the construction site.
Step 5: Plumbing
The plumbing for each pool is designed specifically to give it the best circulation and filtration for crystal clear water and ease of maintenance. We perform hydraulic calculations to ensure that all equipment and piping are of the correct size to combine water clarity and energy conservation.
Step 6: Structural Reinforcement
The pool shell is reinforced with a continuous grid of 60-grade #3 steel rebar with runs placed both horizontally and vertically. The horizontal and vertical bars are placed 12 inches on center to a depth of 5 feet. If the depth of the pool exceeds 5 feet, the horizontal bars are placed at 6 inches on center for additional structural integrity.
Step 7: Pool Floor and Gunite Application
The pool floor consists of concrete with a minimum compressive strength of 4,000 psi and has a uniform thickness of no less than 6 inches. The concrete used in the pool floor is also reinforced with a fiber additive. The walls of the pool consist of a mixture of coarse sand aggregates and Portland cement (gunite) that is applied through a hose with highly pressurized air to achieve a compressive strength equal to or greater than 5,500 psi.
Step 8: Waterline Tile Choosing and Application
After the completion of the gunite phase, you will be asked to choose a decorative 6”x6” frost-proof tile for the pool. We have a selection of over 150 different tiles in our showroom for you to choose from. No matter what colors, textures and materials are being used for the project, we will have something to fit your taste.
Step 9: Electrical and Gas Installation
By this point, electrical conduits for pool lights and for pool equipment power should be run. The electrical subpanel at the pool equipment location should be installed and ready for the pool equipment to be installed. Gas lines to the pool heater (or heaters) should also be run to the equipment location. These operations should be performed by a licensed contractor familiar with swimming pool equipment. We can include this portion of the project in our contract, or we can recommend a contractor to complete the work for you.
Step 10: Decking and Coping
The pool deck should reflect the overall theme for the project, including color, pattern and type. Your decking material is extremely important to the overall appearance of the project. There are many material choices, including integral color concrete, stamped concrete, pavers and stone. Typically, if using concrete, the deck at the pool edge is shaped using a rounded cantilever foam form for comfort and safety. Pool coping, such as brick and stone, are also available to compliment the other materials used on the job. A concrete pool deck should be a minimum of four inches thick and reinforced with a steel rebar grid at approximately 18 inches on center. In most cases, any stone or brick work should be completed before the decking is poured.
Step 11: Site Cleanup
At this point, the pool project is nearing completion. We will now remove all extraneous construction materials and waste from the construction site and prepare the pool for the installation of the interior finish.
Step 12: Equipment Setup
An experienced installer will come to the site and install all of the filtration equipment for the pool, including water feature pumps, automation systems, lights and any other optional equipment.
Step 13: Interior Finish Application
The pool interior is coated with your choice of materials. You can choose from a standard white marbelite finish, a pebble finish or one of the many Diamond-Brite coatings we offer. Different finishes render different effects and moods upon the pool water and, therefore, the overall appearance of the backyard area. When the coating is finished, we begin filling the pool with water. This should be the final stage of construction. Any nearby landscaping work should be finished and your fencing installation should be complete.
Step 14: Pool Startup and Instruction
Once full, a service technician will come out to your home to check the installation and start all pool and spa equipment. Once the equipment has been started up and the pool is fully operational, our service manager will set up a time to come to your home and show you maintenance operations. This includes everything you will need to know about routine maintenance on the pool and some troubleshooting tips. If you do have questions or require technical support, our trained personnel is only a phone call away. It is now time to begin enjoying your pool!